Surrogacy Information-Glossary of Terms
All you needed to know about Surrogacy-Surrogacy Information and Terminology
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) –Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), and frozen embryo transfer (FET). These techniques also apply to oocyte donation and gestational carriers. Approximately 99 percent of ART cycles performed are IVF-ET. http://www.sart.org
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)- is a reproductive technology in which an egg is removed from a woman, joined with a sperm cell from a man in a test tube (in vitro)
Egg Retrieval (ER)–retrieval of eggs from ovary or ovaries( IM or egg donor)
Embryo Transfer (ET)- placement “transfer” of one or more embryo(s) into the uterus (gestational carrier’s uterus)
Blastocyst Day 5 (5DT)- an embryo which will be transferred and has developed five to seven days after fertilization and has two distinct cell types
Intended Parents- The contracting person or couple for whom the surrogate pregnancy is intended. Upon birth,contracting person or couple will assume all legal responsibility of the baby or babies
A traditional surrogate- acts as both the egg donor and gestational carrier.
- A traditional surrogate can achieve pregnancy through in-vitro fertilization (IVF) using the surrogates own eggs and the intended father’s sperm (or donor sperm), or through artificial insemination. Some traditional surrogates conceive via home inseminations, where the intended father/donor’s sperm is placed into a sterile container and the surrogate inserts the specimen herself after receiving a positive at-home ovulation test.
Gestational Surrogate/Carrier-A gestational carrier is not the biological mother of the baby conceived. She is the “donated uterus” carrying the pregnancy for the contracting couple. The child is either the biological child of the intended mother, or of an egg donor and the intended father (or one of the intended fathers), or a sperm donor.